- 13 kwietnia 2021
- Autor Autopasja
On February 29, 2020, the United States and the Taliban signed a peace agreement in Doha, Qatar, officially titled the “Afghanistan Peace Agreement.”  The provisions of the agreement include the withdrawal of all U.S. and NATO troops from Afghanistan, a Taliban promise to prevent Al Qaeda from operating in as-controlled areas and talks between the Taliban and the Afghan government.  The United States has agreed to reduce its initial level from 13,000 to 8,600 by July 2020, followed by a total withdrawal within 14 months if the Taliban meet their commitments.  The United States also committed to closing five military bases within 135 days and announced its intention to end economic sanctions against the Taliban by August 27, 2020.  Given that the agreement contains language on various measures that the Afghan government should take, its non-participation in the talks has created an obstacle to future negotiations and has angered Afghan President Ashraf Ghani and other Afghan officials. Specifically, in the agreement, the United States agreed that up to 5,000 Taliban prisoners would be released by the Afghan government as a “sign of trust” between the Taliban and the Kabul government by March 10, 2020, and the Taliban would release 1,000 prisoners they keep at the same time. However, the prisoners are held by the Afghan government, not the United States. Since the Afghan government was not part of the agreement, it does not feel obliged to release Taliban prisoners they consider terrorists. The next stage of negotiations between the Taliban and the Afghan government is therefore frozen.
But what happens next remains a problem. Although on March 18, 2020, the withdrawal of U.S. troops from Afghanistan was temporarily suspended due to the coronavirus outbreak, U.S. forces have already begun to leave the country. Some in the United States question the terms of the agreement and even call it a surrender document. Faced with the weakness of the Kabul government and the U.S. branch that has supported your troops, some would say that they support the Kabul government, others fear that the Taliban will wait for American troops to leave and invade Kabul, as they did in 1995. If that happens, the 20 years of war and the loss of nearly 2,500 American lives will have nothing to do. Continued violence on both sides remains an obstacle to a final peace agreement. During the preliminary talks, the Taliban continued to fight on the battlefield and launched terrorist attacks in the capital and also threatened the 2019 Afghan presidential elections on September 28.  According to U.S.
Air Force statistics released in February 2020, the United States dropped more bombs on Afghanistan in 2019 than in any other year since 2013.  Although these leaders wield enormous power within the Taliban, they have little or no military experience and are therefore distrusted by commanders on the ground. These commanders are generally younger than the Quetta Shura, most often in its 20s and 30s. Many operate in remote and hostile parts of Afghanistan, with few links or instructions from Taliban leaders in Quetta.