- 3 grudnia 2020
- Autor Autopasja
Portugal had insisted on this point and had supported Germany for an agreement on a mandate for an intergovernmental conference under his presidency. Following the June negotiations and the final settlement on a 16-part framework for the new reform treaty, the Intergovernmental Conference on the development of the new treaty began on 23 July 2007. The Intergovernmental Conference opened after a brief ceremony. The Portuguese Presidency presented a 145-page document (with an additional 132 pages, with 12 protocols and 51 declarations), entitled draft treaty amending the Treaty on the European Union and the Treaty establishing the European Community, and presented it as a starting point for the development process on the Council of Ministers website.  Even before the Berlin Declaration, the Amato Group (officially the Action Committee for European Democracy, ACED) – a group of European politicians supported by the Barroso Commission with two representatives of the group – worked informally to revamp the Treaty establishing a Constitution for Europe (European Constitution). On 4 June 2007, the group published its text in French – 63,000 words in 448 articles of the treaty establishing a Constitution for Europe at 12,800 words in 70 articles.  In the Berlin Declaration, EU heads of state and government informally set a new timetable for the new treaty: the fifty-five articles of the European Union Charter of Fundamental Rights enshrine certain political, social and economic rights for both citizens and citizens of the European Union. It was drawn up by the European Convention and solemnly proclaimed by the European Parliament, the Council of Ministers and the European Commission on 7 December 2000. However, its legal status at the time was uncertain and was not fully legally binding until the Lisbon Treaty came into force on 1 December 2009. The need to review the EU`s constitutional framework, particularly in view of the accession of ten new Member States in 2004, was underlined in a declaration annexed to the Treaty of Nice in 2001. The Nice agreements had paved the way for a further enlargement of the Union through a reform of voting procedures. In the December 2001 Laeken Declaration, the EU pledged to improve democracy, transparency and efficiency and defined the process that could constitute a constitution to achieve these goals. Created under the presidency of former French President Valéry Giscard d`Estaing, the European Convention was tasked with providing as comprehensive advice as possible throughout Europe in order to draft a first draft constitution.
The final text of the constitutional proposal was adopted at the summit on 18-19 June 2004, under the Irish Presidency. It should also be mentioned that the protection provided under the Lisbon Agreement does not exclude protection that might already exist in a Member State under other international treaties, such as the Paris Convention, the Madrid Convention on the Suppression of False or Misleading Claims on the Origin of Goods or the Agreement on Commercial Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights (TRIPS). , on the basis of bilateral or regional agreements or under national legislation or judicial decision. Before the opening of the IGC, the Polish government expressed a desire to renegotiate the June agreement, particularly on the voting system, but gave in under political pressure from most other Member States because it did not want to be seen as the only troublemaker in the negotiations.  The agreement was reached on a 16-page mandate for an intergovernmental conference that proposed to remove much of the constitutional terminology and many symbols of the old text of the European Constitution. In addition, it was agreed to recommend that the Intergovernmental Conference amend the provisions of the old European Constitution on certain key aspects (for example. B, voting or foreign policy).